Vocabulary for Describing Robotics and Automation

  • Robot: A machine that can perform tasks autonomously or with minimal human supervision, usually by following a set of programmed instructions.
  • Automation: The use of technology, such as robotics and artificial intelligence, to perform tasks that were previously done by humans, with the goal of increasing efficiency and reducing the need for manual labor.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI): The simulation of human intelligence processes by computers, including learning (the ability to improve performance on a specific task), reasoning (the process of coming to conclusions based on available data), and self-correction.
  • Machine Learning: A subfield of AI that focuses on the development of algorithms and statistical models that can enable computers to improve their performance on a task without being explicitly programmed to do so.
  • Neural Network: A type of machine learning algorithm modeled on the structure and function of the human brain, used to perform tasks such as pattern recognition and prediction.
  • Natural Language Processing (NLP): A subfield of AI that deals with the interactions between computers and humans using natural language, including speech recognition and language generation.
  • Robotics: The branch of engineering and computer science concerned with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots.
  • Autonomous Robot: A robot that can operate independently and make its own decisions, without human intervention.
  • Collaborative Robot (Cobot): A robot designed to work alongside humans, often in manufacturing and production settings, to increase efficiency and productivity.
  • Industrial Robot: A robot used in industrial settings, such as manufacturing and assembly, to perform tasks such as welding, painting, and material handling.
  • Service Robot: A robot designed to perform tasks in service-oriented industries, such as healthcare, hospitality, and retail, to increase efficiency and improve customer experience.
  • Robot Arm: A robot with one or more movable appendages, used for tasks such as gripping, lifting, and manipulating objects.
  • Sensors: Devices that detect changes in the environment and provide input to a robot or automated system, allowing it to respond to its surroundings.
  • Actuators: Devices that convert electrical signals into physical motion, allowing robots to perform tasks such as movement and manipulation.
  • Computer Vision: A subfield of computer science that deals with the development of algorithms and systems that enable computers to understand and interpret visual information from the world around them.

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