Vocabulary for Describing Environmental Science and Social Justice
Environmental science and social justice go hand in hand. This article will discuss the vocabulary used to describe the various aspects of both concepts, and the essential role of social justice in environmentalism.
Vocabulary of Environmental Science
Environmental science is a field of study that encompasses the biophysical, chemical and biological components of the environment. It seeks to understand the relationships between physical, chemical, and biological processes, and their effects on the environment. Its main focus is on the stewardship and conservation of ecosystems, and understanding how humans interact with them. Vocabulary used to describe environmental science includes:
- Ecosystem: a community of living organisms and their physical environment that interact and depend on one another.
- Biodiversity: the variety of plants, animals and other organisms that live in an area, and their genetic differences.
- Habitat: a type of environment that provides a home for a species of organisms.
- Pollution: the release of pollutants or contaminants into the environment.
- Climate Change: a long-term change in the global climate pattern, caused by the burning of fossil fuels.
- Natural Resources: the materials, energy and other components of the environment that are necessary to sustain life.
Role of Social Justice in Environmentalism
Environmentalism is an ideology, a movement and a set of practices which aim to protect the environment and its inhabitants. Social justice is essential to achieving this aim, as it seeks to ensure fair and equitable access to resources, and to combat the effects of environmental degradation on vulnerable communities. Vocabulary used to describe the social justice aspects of environmentalism include:
- Equity: the principle of fairness and equality of access to resources.
- Inequality: the unfair distribution of resources, often leading to poverty and deprivation of rights.
- Social Injustice: the systemic discrimination of certain groups in society, and the unequal distribution of resources.
- Human Rights: the fundamental rights of all people, including the right to a healthy environment.
- Climate Justice: the equitable sharing of the burden of climate change and its effects, and the fair access to resources needed to mitigate its impacts.
- Sustainability: the ability of societies to meet the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations.
Environmental science and social justice are intertwined, and their vocabularies must be understood in order to ensure a sustainable and equitable future. Awareness of the language used to describe both concepts is essential for promoting a better understanding of their importance.